Hedgerows create an intimate feel to the landscape of the Downs and provide valuable habitats for wildlife. They were originally planted to contain livestock and formed boundaries before the introduction of
fencing. They can also develop from woodland edge. The way the land is managed and used has shaped their appearance. Different soil conditions, climate and altitude all have an effect on hedgerows. In other areas of the Downs, for example on the Romney Marshes, hedges are historically absent, giving the landscape a much more open feel with a sense of space and wilderness.